How is the American President elected?
The American constitution, framed at Philadelphia in 1787, provides for the president's election by special electors appointed in each state...
The American constitution, framed at Philadelphia in 1787, provides for the president's election by special electors appointed in each state, the number depending on the size of the population.
Every state legislature has now surrendered the right to appoint these electors. They are chosen by popular election on a general "ticket" nominated by each party. Which every party receives the most votes for its list of candidates wins all the electoral votes for that state.
The presidential electors vote by ballot for president and vice-president. These votes are sent to the president of the Senate and are counted before a joint session of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
If no candidate for the presidency receives a majority, the House of Representatives votes on the three leading contenders, each state delegation casting a single vote. For the vice-president, a similar ballot it held in the Senate, with each member casting one vote.
Presidential candidates are nominated by each major party at a national Nominating Convention in the summer before the election, which always takes place in December. Their campaigns are often concentrated on winning the big blocks of electoral votes in highly populated states such as New York and California.
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