How Did Agriculture Evolved?
Every living organism needs a continuous supply of food. It is one of the basic needs of life. When man made his appearance on earth, he faced the same problem the need for a continuous supply of food. A human being is omnivorous, meaning that he can digest many different kinds of food-vegetables, as well as meats.
In primitive times, man hunted almost exclusively, chasing and trapping animals and then cooking their meat. But at some time in his early history, he discovered that he could also eat certain plants and fruits. This must have been a momentous discovery, because hunting was a dangerous occupation, and the gathering of edible plants was a much more peaceful and safer way to fill the larder.
But there were never enough plants to last a season and none, of course, in the winter; the tribes had to move on, chasing game, finding untouched areas of vegetation. Life must have been a game of steady movement, a constant search for food, a competition with all the other forms of life.
Then came a great discovery, a method by which a supply of food could be grown in the same place year after year. Like other inventions and discoveries, this made a profound change in the life and development of man.
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants and fungi for food, fiber, bio-fuel, medicinal plants and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization.
The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture farming has become the dominant agricultural methodology.