What Are Bandoliers?
Bandoliers are leather belts formerly worn by musketeers over their shoulders to hold their ammunition. They are provided with a number of cylindrical containers, each holding enough power for one shot, a little flask for priming powder, and a bag for bullets. The word is derived from the French bandoulière.
This equipment first appeared in the 16th Century, and became popular throughout America and most of Europe. Musketeers, especially those in Mexico, often wore two bandoliers in the shape of a cross against their front and back as an extra protection.
In its original form, it was common issue to soldiers from the 16th century to the 18th century, and contained either pre-packed chargers, small containers of wood, metal or cloth containing the measured amount of gunpowder for a single shot with muzzle-loading muskets or other guns, or early forms of cartridges also containing a ball.
It might also carry grenades or other accessories for shooting. Any bag worn in the same style may also be described as a bandolier bag; similarly, ammunition holding pocketed belts worn round the waist may also be called bandoliers.
A somewhat different form of the bandolier came into use in the 19th century, when it held more modern metallic cartridges and hand grenades. Bandoliers are now less common due to the use of detachable magazines and belt-fed firearms, though extra ammunition belts are often carried around the body like a bandolier.
They are, however, still often used with shotguns, as shotgun shells can easily be stored in traditionally-designed bandoliers. In fact, some aftermarket shotgun slings are designed in a fashion similar to traditional bandoliers, albeit with a far more limited capacity.
Another modern use of a bandolier is for the automatic rifleman of a military fireteam. Since a squad automatic weapon is often belt-fed, an automatic rifleman will carry an extra belt on his person; either in a separate compartment or slung over the chest in bandolier fashion.
The bandolier was used to keep ammunition off a soldier’s hips, as carrying too much weight on the hips can constrain movement and cause difficulty in retrieving the ammunition.
In World War I and World War II, bandoliers were issued primarily to riflemen. They were made of cloth, stitched into pockets which held clipsof rifle ammunition. Today, bandoliers are commonly used to carry multiple grenade rounds. In civilian use, bandoliers are often worn by hunters and recreational shooters using shotguns.
Bandoliers made from spent or dummy rounds are sometimes used in fashion. Michael Jackson famously wore a bandolier as part of a military-inspired costume during his Dangerous World Tour in the early 1990s. Today, bandoliers see widespread use with sport shooters and hunter’s alike, as well as limited use in military conflicts.