What Is Halitosis?
Bad breath, also known as halitosis, is a symptom in which a noticeably unpleasant odor is present on the breath. It is also associated with depression and symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder. Concerns of bad breath may be divided into genuine and non-genuine cases, of those who have genuine bad breath, about 85% of cases come from inside the mouth.
The remaining cases are believed to be due to disorders in the nose, sinuses, throat, lungs, esophagus, or stomach. Rarely, bad breath can be due to an underlying medical condition such as liver failure or ketoacidosis. Non-genuine cases occur when someone feels they have bad breath but someone else cannot detect it. This is estimated to make up between 5% and 72% of cases.
The treatment depends on the underlying cause. Initial efforts may include tongue cleaning, mouthwash, and flossing. Tentative evidence supports the use of mouthwash containing chlorhexidine or cetylpyridinium chloride. While there is tentative benefit from the use of a tongue cleaner it is insufficient to draw clear conclusions. Treating underlying disease such as gum disease, tooth decay, or gastroesophageal reflux disease may help.
It goes by many names: “kitty breath,” “puppy breath,” “dragon breath,” and even “morning mouth stink.” No matter what you call it, most people suffer from morning breath at one time or another. Certain foods, such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, and cheese, are known to cause bad breath. Medical conditions, such as obesity, and lifestyle choices, such as smoking and drinking alcohol, are known causes of bad breath, too.
Even if you have a healthy lifestyle and avoid halitosis-causing foods, you may notice that sometimes you wake up with stinky breath in the morning even if you brushed your teeth the night before. This phenomenon is commonly called “morning breath.” Morning breath is not uncommon, and there are a few reasons you wake up feeling not-so-fresh.
If your doctor has ever prescribed an antibiotic for you, then you’ve probably heard of bacteria. Some bacteria, called “pathogenic bacteria,” can make us very sick. These are the types of bacteria we fight with medicine. Other bacteria, however, are good bacteria and necessary for our survival. These bacteria are permanent residents in different parts of our bodies. They help us digest food and protect us from bad bacteria. Good bacteria can be found in our intestines, on our skin, and in our mouth.
Oral bacteria are one of the causes of morning breath. The helpful bacteria that live in our saliva and mouth feed off food particles trapped between our cheeks, teeth, and gums. At night, bacteria are trapped in our mouth. As the bacteria feed, they produce a gas. They also cause the food particles to release a stinky odor as they decompose.
Another factor that contributes to morning breath is dry mouth. As you sleep, saliva production slows. This creates an environment that allows bacteria to multiply. More bacteria in your mouth means more bacteria snacking on food particles, and as you now know, that means more stinky mouth gas as the food particles decompose.
If you suffer from halitosis, don’t feel bad; it’s certainly not a new problem. Mention of bad breath has been found in records dating as far back as 1550 B.C. The ancient Romans used a mouthwash made of wine and herbs to help combat the problem. The Persians chomped on sprigs of parsley. This method is still used today, which is why some restaurants serve a little piece of parsley with meals.
Today, we have more effective ways of fighting halitosis. These tools include toothbrushes, toothpaste, floss, mouthwash, and breath mints. Even though the best brushers and flossers can’t completely rid their mouths of bacteria, practicing good oral hygiene reduces the chances of waking up to a stinky surprise. It is also the best way to keep your mouth healthy and happy for years to come — and that’s something to smile about.