Tanzania is one of the oldest continuously inhabited areas on Earth, with traces of fossil remains of humans and hominids in the Olduvai Gorge from 1.9 million to 19,000 years ago. Tanzania is probably best known for Mount Kilimanjaro. It is the highest mountain in Africa. Almost every type of ecological system can be found here. If you’re a hiker, it’s definitely worth climbing.
Tanzania, in the United Republic of Tanzania, is in East Africa. Capital, Dodoma; area about 945 000 sq km (365 000 sq miles). Tanzania was created in 1944 by the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Tanganyika had previously been a British colony and, before that, a German one. It became independent in 1961 and united with Zanzibar in 1964.
Beyond the narrow coastal plain is a high, dry plateau with large lakes in the north, west, and south. The average temperature in Dar es Salaam is 25.5 degrees Celsius (77.9 degrees Fahrenheit), and most of the country suffers from a shortage of water. The people come from over 100 different groups, but Swahili is a common language. There is a small Asian minority.
The great majority of people are engaged in agriculture or herding, and the government is directing great efforts towards agricultural improvement. The main cash crop is cotton, but Tanzania has a fairly wide range of agricultural exports, though most farmers are poor. Industrial and mineral resources are little developed, though there are diamond and gold mines. So now we do have acquired knowledges of Tanzania.
Content for this question contributed by Brian Rager, resident of York, southern Pennsylvania, USA