Who Was Akhenaten?
Akhenaten also spelled Echnaton, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, and Khuenaten; meaning “Effective for Aten”. Akhenaten reigned (1319 -1336 BC), was King of Egypt of the 18th Dynasty. He was the son of Amenhotep III, who built the famous monuments at Karnak and Luxor.
Akhenaten tried to replace the traditional Egyptian religion (in which there was a supreme god, Amon, and several lesser gods) with the worship of the sun-god, Aten, alone. He also changed the capital of Egypt from Thebes to Tell-el-Amarna.
After his death his religious reforms were abolished and his new temples destroyed. Modern interest in Akhenaten and his queen, Nefertiti, comes partly from his connection with Tutankhamun, partly from the unique style and high quality of the pictorial arts he patronized, and partly from ongoing interest in the religion he attempted to establish.